用水和保护

Understand how we use water every day\r\n

Water is a valuable resource. That’s why understanding how we use water helps everyone do their bit to use water responsibly. Let's explore some of the things you can do. For example, learn how to read a water meter, find out how much water your appliances use, do a water audit and learn some water-saving tips.

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了解我们每天如何使用水

水是宝贵的资源。这就是为什么了解我们如何使用水帮助每个人负责任地使用水的原因。让我们探索您可以做的一些事情。例如,学习如何阅读水表,找出电器使用多少水,进行水审核并学习一些节水技巧。


Water in your home\r\n

Sydney has over 5 million people. All these people need water for drinking, cooking, washing, making products, growing food, fighting fires, keeping cool, watering gardens and recreation activities.

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家里的水

悉尼拥有超过500万人。所有这些人都需要水来喝水,烹饪,洗涤,制造产品,种植食物,扑灭火灾,保持凉爽,浇水花园和娱乐活动。

How do you use water at home?\r\n

Did you know that most of the water used in Sydney is used at home?

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Think about all the ways you use water at home. You might use water for:

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  • drinking and cooking
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  • washing, bathing and keeping clean
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  • watering the garden
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  • keeping cool and recreation activities.
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How does your home compare? (153KB)

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您如何在家使用水?

您知道悉尼使用的大多数水都在家中使用吗?

考虑一下您在家中使用水的所有方式。您可能会使用水来:

  • 喝酒和烹饪
  • 洗涤,洗澡和保持清洁
  • 给花园浇水
  • 保持冷静和娱乐活动。

您的房屋如何比较?(153KB)

How much water do you use?\r\n

On average, each person in Sydney uses about 200 litres of drinking quality water every day.

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There are 2 main ways to find out how much water your family uses.

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  1. Read your water meter.
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  3. Look at your water bill.
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By monitoring these things over time, you can track how water wise your family is. Use our water efficiency targets to see if your family is water wise.

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您使用多少水?

平均而言,悉尼的每个人每天使用约200升的饮用水。

有两种主要方法可以找出您的家庭使用多少水。

  1. 阅读您的水表。
  2. 看你的水费。

通过随着时间的推移监视这些东西,您可以跟踪家人的水分。使用我们的水效率目标看看您的家人是否是含水的。

Reading your water meter
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Most homes have a water meter that shows how much water is being used. Some homes may also have a second purple meter for recycled water.
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\r\nYou can work out how much water you use in a day by looking at the meter on one day and comparing it at the same time the next day. The difference in the meter reading is the amount of water used in a day.
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\r\nBy monitoring the meter when no one is using water, you can also work out if there are any leaks.

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See How to read a water meter and find leaks (499KB).

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阅读水表

大多数房屋都有一个水表,显示正在使用多少水。有些房屋也可能有第二个紫色仪表再生水

您可以通过一天看电表并在第二天的同时进行比较,从而确定一天使用多少水。仪表读数的差异是一天中使用的水量。

通过监视没有人使用水时的仪表,如果有泄漏,您也可以解决。

如何阅读水表并发现泄漏(499kb)

您可以阅读仪表以找出使用了多少水。

Reading your bill\r\n

We send your family a water bill about every 3 months. This shows exactly how much water you used over the past 3 months and how much this costs your family.
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\r\nSee How to read your water bill (320KB).

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阅读您的账单

我们每3个月向您的家人发送水费。这确切显示了您在过去三个月中使用了多少水,以及您的家庭花费了多少。

如何阅读您的水费(320KB)

你可知道 ...
滴水的水龙头每月最多可以浪费2,000升水。


Water use in different appliances
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Is it better to hand-wash dishes or use the dishwasher? Which uses more water: a bath or a shower? Use the tables below to work out how much water your family uses doing everyday things like showering or washing up.

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不同设备中的用水

洗手盘或使用洗碗机更好吗?哪个使用更多的水:浴缸或淋浴?使用下面的桌子来弄清您的家庭使用多少水,例如洗澡或洗澡。

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Appliance/source

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Litres (L) used

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Dishwashing
\r\nWashing by hand
\r\nOlder dishwashing machine (before 2014)
\r\nAverage dishwashing machine

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\r\n15 L
\r\n13 L per load
\r\n12 L per load

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Leaks (taps and pipes)
\r\nDripping tap
\r\nLeaking pipe (1.5 mm hole)

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\r\n27–198 L per day
\r\n99 L per day

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设备/来源

升(L)

洗碗
用手洗
较旧的洗碗机(2014年之前)
平均洗碗机


15 L
每个负载13升
每个负载12升

泄漏(水龙头和管道)
滴水的水龙头
泄漏的管道(1.5毫米孔)


每天27-198 L
每天99 L

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Appliance/source

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Litres (L) used

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Shower
\r\nRegular showerhead
\r\nWater-efficient showerhead

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\r\n10 L per minute
\r\n6–7 L per minute

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Bath
\r\nAverage bath

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\r\n110 L
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Hand basin
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Running tap

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\r\n4 L per minute

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Toilet
\r\nSingle flush toilet
\r\nOlder dual flush toilet (1983 model)
\r\nModern dual flush toilet (2005 or later)

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\r\n11 L per flush
\r\n11 L per full flush, 5.5 L per half flush
\r\n4.5 L per full flush, 3 L per half flush

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Leaks (toilet cisterns)
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Slow, barely visible
\r\nLeak visible in toilet pan
\r\nVisible, just audible
\r\nQuite visible, constant hiss

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\r\n9 L per day
\r\n36 L per day
\r\n144 L per day
\r\n261 L per day

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设备/来源

升(L)

淋浴
常规淋浴
水价淋浴


每分钟10升
每分钟6–7 L

洗澡
平均浴缸


110 L

洗手盆
运行点击


每分钟4 L

洗手间
单冲马桶
较老的双冲洗厕所(1983型号)
现代双冲洗厕所(2005年或以后)


每次冲洗11升
每次全部冲洗11升,每半冲洗5.5升
4.5升每全部冲洗,每半冲洗3升

泄漏(厕所水箱)
缓慢,几乎看不见
在厕所锅中可见泄漏
可见,只是听到
非常明显,持续的嘶嘶声


每天9升
每天36升
每天144 L
每天261 L

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Appliance/source

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Litres (L) used

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Clothes washing
\r\nFront loader washing machine
\r\nTop loader washing machine 

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\r\n65 L per load
\r\n110 L per load

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Leaks (taps and pipes)
\r\nDripping tap
\r\nLeaking pipe (1.5 mm hole)

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\r\n27–198 L per day
\r\n99 L per day

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设备/来源

升(L)

洗衣服
前装载机洗衣机
顶装洗衣机


每个负载65升
每个负载110升

泄漏(水龙头和管道)
滴水的水龙头
泄漏的管道(1.5毫米孔)


每天27-198 L
每天99 L

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Appliance/source

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Litres (L) used

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Garden
\r\nFilling a backyard pool
\r\nSprinkler
\r\nOutdoor tap 

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\r\nUp to 54,000 L
\r\n999 L per hour
\r\n15 L per minute

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Car washing
\r\n Hose washing
\r\nBucket washing

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\r\n180 L per wash
\r\n99 L per wash

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设备/来源

升(L)

花园
装满后院游泳池
洒水器
户外水龙头


最多54,000升
999 L每小时
每分钟15 L

洗车
软管洗
水桶洗


每次洗涤180升
每次洗涤99升


水审核

进行水审核,以了解您的学校的水效率以及如何在未来管理水。

你可知道 ...
大悉尼的学校每年使用约77.9亿升水。
了解更多有关使用我们的可以减少用水量的方法节水技巧


Water conservation\r\n

How can you be more water efficient?

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Being careful with how much water we use helps make sure there's enough for everybody. There are things we can do every day to be more water efficient. We all need to do our bit to save water by following the current Water Wise Guidelines and reducing outdoor water use.

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节约用水

您怎么能提高水的效率?

小心使用多少水有助于确保每个人都有足够的水。我们每天都可以做一些事情,以提高水的效率。我们所有人都需要尽我们所能来节省水。水方准则并减少户外用水。

Kitchens and bathrooms
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  • Take shorter showers. Every minute less in the shower saves one bucket of water.
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  • Turn the tap on only as hard as you need.
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  • Use the half flush button on your toilet instead of the full flush when you can.
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  • Put a plug in the sink rather than leave the water running.
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  • Thaw frozen foods in the fridge rather than placing them under running water.
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  • Wait for a full load of dishes before turning on the dishwasher.
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厨房和浴室
  • 洗个澡。淋浴时的每一分钟都会节省一桶水。
  • 仅根据需要打开水龙头。
  • 在可能的情况下,请使用厕所上的半冲洗按钮,而不是全部齐平。
  • 将插头放入水槽中,而不是让水运行。
  • 将冷冻食物解冻在冰箱中,而不是将它们放在流水下。
  • 在打开洗碗机之前,请等待全部菜肴。
Laundries\r\n
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  • Wait for a full load of washing before turning on the washing machine.
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  • Consider installing water-efficient appliances at home.
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  • Turn off taps when you finish using them. 
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  • Report leaking taps to an adult. A tap dripping just one drop a second can waste 7,000 litres a year.
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洗衣
  • 在打开洗衣机之前,请等待全部洗涤。
  • 考虑在家中安装水有效的电器。
  • 完成使用时关闭水龙头。
  • 向成年人报告泄漏的水龙头。一秒钟的水龙头滴一秒钟每年浪费7,000升。
Gardens\r\n
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  • Use watering cans or trigger nozzles on hoses so you water only those areas that need it.
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  • Wash your car on the lawn so that you water and fertilise the grass at the same time. Car shampoos use phosphates that are like many fertilisers.
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  • Use a broom or rake rather than a hose to clean driveways and pathways.
  • \r\n
  • Get mulching! Applying 7–10 centimetres of mulch around plants can save up to 70% of water lost through evaporation.
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  • Remove weeds from the garden that take water from the plants you want.
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花园
  • 使用浇水罐或在软管上触发喷嘴,因此您只浇水那些需要它的区域。
  • 在草坪上洗车,以便您同时浇水并施肥。汽车洗发水使用像许多肥料一样的磷酸盐。
  • 使用扫帚或耙子而不是软管清洁车道和路径。
  • 覆盖!在植物周围施用7–10厘米的覆盖物可以节省多达70%的水因蒸发而流失的水。
  • 从花园中取出杂草,从您想要的植物中取水。

创建一个更具弹性的花园
发现抗旱的树木和植物,非常适合您的位置哪个植物在哪里。浏览超过2,600种,并找出它们如何应对干旱,热,阴影和霜冻。
霍尔特创新,麦格理大学,西悉尼大学和新南威尔士州政府规划与环境部之间的研究合作成果是哪个工厂。


教师资源

饮用水味道测试(201KB)- 将盲味测试作为实验。

地球上的水- 视频。

没有瓶子的品牌- 考虑说服力如何影响我们的选择。

词汇表- 找到关键词和行业术语的定义。


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