用水及节约

Understand how we use water every day\r\n

Water is a valuable resource. That’s why understanding how we use water helps everyone do their bit to use water responsibly. Let's explore some of the things you can do. For example, learn how to read a water meter, find out how much water your appliances use, do a water audit and learn some water-saving tips.

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了解我们每天是如何用水的

水是一种宝贵的资源。这就是为什么了解我们如何使用水,有助于每个人尽自己的一份力,负责地使用水。让我们来探索一下您可以做的一些事情。例如,学习如何看水表,找出你的电器用了多少水,做一个用水审计和学习一些节约用水的技巧。


Water in your home\r\n

Sydney has over 5 million people. All these people need water for drinking, cooking, washing, making products, growing food, fighting fires, keeping cool, watering gardens and recreation activities.

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家里的水

悉尼有500多万人口。所有这些人都需要水来饮用、烹饪、洗涤、制造产品、种植食物、灭火、保持凉爽、浇灌花园和娱乐活动。

How do you use water at home?\r\n

Did you know that most of the water used in Sydney is used at home?

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Think about all the ways you use water at home. You might use water for:

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  • drinking and cooking
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  • washing, bathing and keeping clean
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  • watering the garden
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  • keeping cool and recreation activities.
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How does your home compare? (153KB)

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你在家里怎么用水?

你知道悉尼大部分的水都是在家里用的吗?

想想你在家里用水的所有方式。你可以用水来做:

  • 喝酒和做饭
  • 洗衣、沐浴和保持清洁
  • 给花园浇水
  • 保持凉爽和娱乐活动。

你的房子比起来怎么样?(153 kb)

How much water do you use?\r\n

On average, each person in Sydney uses about 200 litres of drinking quality water every day.

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There are 2 main ways to find out how much water your family uses.

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  1. Read your water meter.
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  3. Look at your water bill.
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By monitoring these things over time, you can track how water wise your family is. Use our water efficiency targets to see if your family is water wise.

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你用了多少水?

平均而言,每个悉尼人每天使用约200升的优质饮用水。

有两种方法可以知道你的家庭用水量。

  1. 看你的水表。
  2. 看看你的水费单。

通过长期监测这些情况,你可以跟踪你的家庭在水资源方面的明智程度。使用我们的用水效率指标看看你的家庭是否用水明智。

Reading your water meter
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Most homes have a water meter that shows how much water is being used. Some homes may also have a second purple meter for recycled water.
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\r\nYou can work out how much water you use in a day by looking at the meter on one day and comparing it at the same time the next day. The difference in the meter reading is the amount of water used in a day.
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\r\nBy monitoring the meter when no one is using water, you can also work out if there are any leaks.

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See How to read a water meter and find leaks (499KB).

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查看水表

大多数家庭都有一个显示用水量的水表。一些家庭可能也有第二个紫色的仪表再生水

你可以通过看一天的水表和第二天同一时间的比较来计算出你一天用了多少水。水表读数的差值就是一天用水量。

当没有人用水时,通过监测水表,你也可以知道是否有任何泄漏。

看到如何读取水表及发现漏水(499KB)

你可以看看你的水表,看看你用了多少水。

Reading your bill\r\n

We send your family a water bill about every 3 months. This shows exactly how much water you used over the past 3 months and how much this costs your family.
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\r\nSee How to read your water bill (320KB).

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阅读你的账单

我们大约每三个月给你们家寄一次水费单。这张表准确显示了你在过去3个月里用了多少水,以及你的家庭为此花费了多少钱。

看到如何阅读水费帐单(320KB)

你知道…
一个滴水的水龙头一个月可以浪费多达2000升水。


Water use in different appliances
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Is it better to hand-wash dishes or use the dishwasher? Which uses more water: a bath or a shower? Use the tables below to work out how much water your family uses doing everyday things like showering or washing up.

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不同电器的用水

是手洗好还是用洗碗机洗好?洗澡和淋浴,哪一个用水量更多?使用下面的表格,计算出你的家庭在日常生活中,如洗澡或洗碗,使用了多少水。

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Appliance/source

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Litres (L) used

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Dishwashing
\r\nWashing by hand
\r\nOlder dishwashing machine (before 2014)
\r\nAverage dishwashing machine

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\r\n15 L
\r\n13 L per load
\r\n12 L per load

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Leaks (taps and pipes)
\r\nDripping tap
\r\nLeaking pipe (1.5 mm hole)

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\r\n27–198 L per day
\r\n99 L per day

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设备/来源

使用升(L)

洗碗
手洗
老式洗碗机(2014年以前)
普通洗碗机


15 L
每负载13l
每负载12l

漏水(水龙头及水管)
滴水的水龙头
漏管(1.5 mm孔)


每天27-198升
每天99升

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Appliance/source

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Litres (L) used

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Shower
\r\nRegular showerhead
\r\nWater-efficient showerhead

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\r\n10 L per minute
\r\n6–7 L per minute

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Bath
\r\nAverage bath

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\r\n110 L
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Hand basin
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Running tap

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\r\n4 L per minute

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Toilet
\r\nSingle flush toilet
\r\nOlder dual flush toilet (1983 model)
\r\nModern dual flush toilet (2005 or later)

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\r\n11 L per flush
\r\n11 L per full flush, 5.5 L per half flush
\r\n4.5 L per full flush, 3 L per half flush

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Leaks (toilet cisterns)
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Slow, barely visible
\r\nLeak visible in toilet pan
\r\nVisible, just audible
\r\nQuite visible, constant hiss

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\r\n9 L per day
\r\n36 L per day
\r\n144 L per day
\r\n261 L per day

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设备/来源

使用升(L)

淋浴
常规的莲蓬头
节水莲蓬头


每分钟10升
每分钟6-7升


平均浴


110升

手盆
运行开发


每分钟4升

厕所。。。
单冲水马桶
老式双冲水马桶(1983年型号)
现代双冲水马桶(2005年或以后)


每次冲水11升
11升/满冲,5.5升/半冲
每满冲4.5升,每半冲3升

漏水(马桶水箱)
缓慢,几乎看不见
马桶可见渗漏
可见,只能听到
很明显,持续的嘶嘶声


每天9升
36升/天
每天144升
每日261升

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Appliance/source

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Litres (L) used

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Clothes washing
\r\nFront loader washing machine
\r\nTop loader washing machine 

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\r\n65 L per load
\r\n110 L per load

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Leaks (taps and pipes)
\r\nDripping tap
\r\nLeaking pipe (1.5 mm hole)

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\r\n27–198 L per day
\r\n99 L per day

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设备/来源

使用升(L)

洗衣服
前装式洗衣机
顶装式洗衣机


每负载65升
每负载110升

漏水(水龙头及水管)
滴水的水龙头
漏管(1.5 mm孔)


每天27-198升
每天99升

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Appliance/source

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Litres (L) used

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Garden
\r\nFilling a backyard pool
\r\nSprinkler
\r\nOutdoor tap 

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\r\nUp to 54,000 L
\r\n999 L per hour
\r\n15 L per minute

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Car washing
\r\n Hose washing
\r\nBucket washing

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\r\n180 L per wash
\r\n99 L per wash

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设备/来源

使用升(L)

花园
填满后院游泳池
喷水灭火系统
室外水龙头


最高可达54,000升
每小时999升
每分钟15升

洗车
软管清洗
桶洗


每次清洗180升
每次洗涤99升


水审计

做一次用水审计,看看你的学校的用水效率如何,以及如何管理未来的用水。

你知道…
大悉尼地区的学校每年使用约7790万升水。
了解更多关于如何减少用水的信息,请使用我们的节水贴士


Water conservation\r\n

How can you be more water efficient?

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Being careful with how much water we use helps make sure there's enough for everybody. There are things we can do every day to be more water efficient. We all need to do our bit to save water by following the current Water Wise Guidelines and reducing outdoor water use.

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节约用水

怎样才能更节约用水?

小心使用多少水有助于确保每个人都有足够的水。我们每天都可以做一些事情来更节约用水。我们都需要尽自己的一份力来节约用水,跟随潮流明智用水指南减少户外用水。

Kitchens and bathrooms
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  • Take shorter showers. Every minute less in the shower saves one bucket of water.
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  • Turn the tap on only as hard as you need.
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  • Use the half flush button on your toilet instead of the full flush when you can.
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  • Put a plug in the sink rather than leave the water running.
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  • Thaw frozen foods in the fridge rather than placing them under running water.
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  • Wait for a full load of dishes before turning on the dishwasher.
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厨房和浴室
  • 缩短淋浴时间。淋浴时每少一分钟就能节约一桶水。
  • 按你需要的力度打开水龙头。
  • 尽可能使用马桶上的半冲按钮,而不是全冲。
  • 在水槽里插上塞子,不要让水一直流。
  • 把冷冻食品放在冰箱里解冻,而不是放在流动的水里。
  • 等盘子装满了再打开洗碗机。
Laundries\r\n
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  • Wait for a full load of washing before turning on the washing machine.
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  • Consider installing water-efficient appliances at home.
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  • Turn off taps when you finish using them. 
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  • Report leaking taps to an adult. A tap dripping just one drop a second can waste 7,000 litres a year.
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洗衣店
  • 等洗完衣服再打开洗衣机。
  • 考虑在家里安装节水电器。
  • 用完水龙头后,关掉水龙头。
  • 向大人报告水龙头漏水。水龙头一秒钟滴水,一年就会浪费7000升。
Gardens\r\n
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  • Use watering cans or trigger nozzles on hoses so you water only those areas that need it.
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  • Wash your car on the lawn so that you water and fertilise the grass at the same time. Car shampoos use phosphates that are like many fertilisers.
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  • Use a broom or rake rather than a hose to clean driveways and pathways.
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  • Get mulching! Applying 7–10 centimetres of mulch around plants can save up to 70% of water lost through evaporation.
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  • Remove weeds from the garden that take water from the plants you want.
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花园
  • 使用喷壶或软管上的触发喷嘴,这样你就只给那些需要浇水的地方浇水。
  • 在草坪上洗车,这样你就可以同时给草坪浇水和施肥。汽车洗发香波使用的磷酸盐就像许多化肥一样。
  • 用扫帚或耙子而不是水管清洁车道和通道。
  • 得到覆盖!在植物周围覆盖7-10厘米的覆盖物可以节省70%因蒸发而流失的水分。
  • 清除花园中那些从植物中吸取水分的杂草。

创造一个更有弹性的花园
发现适合你的位置的抗旱树木和植物哪棵植物在哪里.浏览超过2600种植物,了解它们是如何应对干旱、炎热、阴影和霜冻的。
“哪个工厂在哪里”是Hort Innovation、麦考瑞大学、西悉尼大学和新南威尔士州政府规划和环境部合作的研究成果。


教师资源

饮用水味道测试(201KB)-设盲品测试作为实验。

地球上的水——视频。

没有瓶子的牌子-想想说服的力量如何影响我们的选择。

术语表-查找关键词和行业术语的定义。


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